Growing strawberries from seeds: planting and caring for shoots
One way to propagate strawberries is to grow from seeds. Young bushes obtained in this way can bloom after 6 months, so most often the planting material is planted for seedlings in January and February.
Is it possible to grow strawberries from seeds
Many gardeners are accustomed to propagating strawberries vegetatively: by rosettes or by dividing the bush. But plants can be grown from seeds, although this method is most often applied to beardless small-fruited varieties. With the help of seed propagation, breeders develop new varieties and hybrids.
The plants that we grow in our garden plots can be correctly called garden strawberries, but the word strawberry has long been established in everyday life.
Presowing seed treatment
Seed strawberries are most often grown via seedlings. In this case, they use:
- peat tablets;
- separate cups;
Since strawberry seeds are very small, they are not planted directly in open ground. To increase the germination of planting material, it is necessary to carry out pre-sowing treatment, which consists in stratification and germination.
Selection of seeds for planting
Now on the market you can find seeds of various varieties and hybrids of strawberries. When choosing a bag, it is imperative to look at the expiration date, since the planting material quickly loses its germination and may not germinate a year after ripening and packaging. The number of seeds in the package also varies, some hybrids contain from 4 to 10 seeds. And, of course, you need to consider what you want to get in the end: bushes for a balcony, a fruiting plantation in the open field or beautiful hanging ampelous plants.
You can buy different varieties and hybrids of strawberries on the market
Another option is to collect seeds from your own berries. But if you have several varieties on the site, then they could get dusty, and your own unique hybrid will grow from the seeds.
Seed stratification is a prerequisite for obtaining friendly seedlings. It is carried out both before and after sowing.
The procedure consists of the following steps:
- Pour the strawberry seeds onto a damp cotton pad and cover with the second.
- Everything is placed in a small food container and put away for 2 days in a warm place.
- Then the container is placed on the lower shelf of the refrigerator and kept there for another 2 days.
For stratification, strawberry seeds are wrapped in wet wipes or discs and placed in the refrigerator
- Within two weeks, the seeds are moved to warm and cold. The container is opened and ventilated every day.
If you are preparing several varieties for planting, do not forget to sign the names.
After stratification, seeds can be sown in bowls, peat tablets, or left warm until roots appear.
Seeds of especially valuable varieties can be germinated before planting.
- The stratified planting material is laid out on a saucer with a napkin folded in several layers.
- Sprayed with melt or rainwater and placed in a transparent plastic bag.
- The package is left in a very bright and warm place with a temperature of 25 ° C. The accumulating drops of condensate are removed, and if the package is dry, the seeds are moistened by spraying.
When germinating, seeds should not float in water.
How many strawberry seeds sprout
Seeds of small-fruited varieties, stratified and in ideal conditions, germinate in a week. With improper sowing or with a lack of heat and light, seedlings may never appear.
Seeds of large-fruited strawberries sprout about 2-3 weeks.
Ways of planting strawberry seeds
The following methods of sowing seeds are most often used:
- on the snow;
- in peat tablets;
- in individual cups;
- into a common container.
Into the snow
One of the easiest ways to plant strawberries is by sowing dry seeds in the snow.
- Take a small food container with a lid and make drainage holes in the bottom.
- The soil mixed with sand or vermiculite is poured into the container, slightly compacted.
- Spread 1-2 centimeters of snow.
The layer of snow on top of the soil should be 1–2 centimeters
- Strawberry seeds are poured onto the snow or spread with a toothpick.
From above, the seeds do not fall asleep with anything; when melting, the snow will drag them into the soil
- The container is put into the refrigerator, and after a few hours, when the snow melts, it is covered with a lid.
- After 7-10 days, the stratified seeds are taken out of the refrigerator and placed in a warm and very bright place. Best of all - under the lamp. At a soil temperature of 25 ° C, seeds emerge within a week.
- Every day, it is imperative to ventilate the crops by lifting the lid.
- The lid is not removed from the container until 2-3 true leaves appear on the seedlings.
Video: planting strawberry seeds in the snow
In peat tablets
Recently, peat tablets have become increasingly popular. Their main advantages are:
- lack of dirt when landing;
- ease of picking.
It is better to plant stratified or germinated seeds in peat tablets.
It is convenient to grow small seeds in peat tablets
Stages of planting in peat tablets:
- Soak the tablets in warm water.
- Swollen peat tablets are lightly squeezed out and placed in a container with a lid.
- Each tablet contains 1 germinated seed or 2-3 stratified seeds.
- Cover the tablets with a lid and put them in a warm and bright place. Air the greenhouse once a day by opening the lid and inspecting the plantings.
- After the emergence of shoots, the lid is not removed, only the condensate that appears is removed.
- When 3 true leaves appear, the strawberry seedlings are gradually accustomed to normal air.
Video: planting seeds in peat tablets
Strawberry seedling care
From the very first days, strawberries need 12 hours of daylight. With early winter sowing, the seedlings must be supplemented with light. Best of all, bicolor phytolamps cope with this task. Due to the red and blue spectra, the seedlings are not stretched. In extreme cases, you can supplement the illumination with conventional LED or fluorescent lamps.
In cloudy weather, the light is left on for 12 hours, in clear and sunny weather, it is turned on in the evenings for several hours. If it is not possible to supplement the seedlings, then sowing is best done in March or April, when there is more natural light.
Strawberry seedlings must be illuminated if the seeds were sown in winter.
Another important nuance is warmth. Strawberries will only grow well at 25 ° C. If the seedlings are on the windowsill, then check its temperature and, if necessary, cover the surface with insulating material:
- several layers of cardboard;
- foil foam rubber.
For the first weeks, strawberries should grow under a lid so that the inside of the container has its own humid microclimate. When the soil dries up, watering is carried out by spraying from a spray bottle or a syringe with a needle that is stuck into the soil. If the container with seedlings is closed well, then it is rarely necessary to water.
Strawberry shoots are very small, you should not open the lid right away, wait until 3 real leaves grow
When 3 real leaves appear on young bushes, the plants can be transplanted into separate containers, and then accustomed to the air of the apartment. Stages of a pick:
- Before picking, it is advisable to spill the container with strawberries with HB-101 solution (1 drop of the drug per 500 ml of water).
Vitalizer NV-101 is diluted at the rate of 1-2 drops of the drug per liter of water
- We prepare individual containers for each bush, fill them with a loose nutritious soil mixture. To do this, mix:
- 10 liters of purchased peat soil;
- 1 liter of vermicompost;
- 1 liter of vermiculite;
- 2 liters of soaked coconut substrate.
It is very convenient to dive strawberry seedlings into separate cells on a pallet
- We pry each bush from the nursery with a small fork and transplant it into an individual pot, lightly water it with HB-101 solution. Keep the strawberry heart at ground level.
We dive strawberry seedlings, one in each glass
- We spray the cut seedlings with Epin or HB-101 to relieve stress and better rooting. If the seedlings grew under the lid before the pick, then cover the pots with a film and gradually adapt to the air of the room over the next few days.
I accustom my strawberry seedlings to the dry air of the apartment immediately after the pick, spraying the plants every 2-3 hours with water in which the HB-101 preparation is diluted. All plants perfectly tolerate picking and quickly take root.
If strawberry seedlings were grown in peat tablets, then you need:
- Cut the tablet, remove the mesh.
- Put the plant with an earthen lump in a pot.
- Sprinkle with earth.
After transplanting, caring for strawberries is reduced to regular watering, periodic feeding and, if necessary, adding soil. Strawberries are very fond of water, especially if they stand on a hot windowsill or in the sun. Then small pots need to be watered every 2-3 days.
You can feed strawberries 2 weeks after the pick, but the dose of fertilizer should be halved. It is best to use those preparations where nitrogen predominates.
I feed all strawberry seedlings every 10 days with Gumistar, diluting according to the instructions. Plants grow very well, grow strong and healthy.
Strawberries are very fond of feeding with Gumistar, which contains nutrients and growth stimulants
Video: picking strawberries
Landing in a permanent place
At the age of two to three months, strawberry seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place.
High-quality seedlings by the time of planting in a permanent place should have several leaves and a well-developed root system
Small-fruited remontant strawberries are grown mainly at home in pots, on a balcony or loggia, along paths or on a separate bed. A two-liter pot is enough for each bush. You can plant several plants in a long balcony box, then the distance between the plants should be 20-25 cm.
Large-fruited strawberries, as a rule, are grown for planting in open ground or a greenhouse, less often for growing in pots. Seedlings are planted in open ground only after a positive temperature has been established and frosts are no longer expected. Young plants are gradually accustomed to new conditions: they take the bushes out into the air for several hours, leaving them longer and longer every day.
Usually, the desired distance between the bushes is indicated on the back of the bag, because each variety has its own characteristics and some plants can be very large. Therefore, planting large strawberries can be at a distance of 20 cm to 50 cm between the bushes.
Ampel strawberries bear fruit not only on the outlet itself, but also on the mustache, so it looks very beautiful in hanging baskets, pots or on vertical beds.
Photo gallery: where you can transplant strawberries
Further care for strawberries grown from seeds is the same as for those obtained from rooted whiskers.
Video: planting strawberry seedlings in open ground
To grow strong and healthy strawberry seedlings from seeds, you need to sow with stratified planting material, apply additional lighting of plants in the initial period, carefully water and feed the seedlings. Then by the beginning of June you will have blooming strawberry bushes.
Hello, my name is Irina, I am 33 years old. I love my collection of hippeastrum very much, but I do not offend other flowers either.
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The correct cultivation of strawberries from seeds at home
- Full photo
Growing strawberries from seeds
The best varieties of strawberries
Soil preparation and planting seeds
Transplanting seedlings into the ground
Protection from pests and diseases
Growing strawberries from seeds is a rather painstaking and laborious task. However, having considered all the advantages of this method, more and more people want to collect beautiful and tasty berries at their site. Firstly, seeds can be stored much longer than seedlings. Secondly, they are highly resistant to diseases and pests. Thirdly, you can experiment with varieties, finding the most suitable option for yourself. Also, one cannot fail to mention the savings, because buying ready-made seedlings is much more expensive.
Strawberry seeds - planting and care
Before describing the process of planting seeds, it is interesting to familiarize yourself with the benefits of growing strawberry seedlings at home.
- Strawberry seeds have a long shelf life, which gives a chance to grow the plant for more than one year.
- Propagation of strawberries by seeds at home is available for all varieties, except for hybrid ones. If you choose the right varieties, you can enjoy delicious berries throughout the summer.
- Growing seedlings on your own is a great way to heal your garden beds, as the bushes will not be infected with any viruses or fungi.
To grow strawberries from seeds at home, many use remontant varieties, since they bear fruit from late spring until the first frost. It is worth noting that these types of berries are not too sweet, which is a definite disadvantage. Many gardeners note the excellent quality of strawberries, the seeds of which were brought from China. There are varieties to get not only red, but white or yellow berries.
How to get strawberry seeds from berries?
Strawberry berries are covered with small seeds, which cannot be harvested in the traditional way. There are other methods on how to get strawberry seeds at home:
- Cut the seeds from healthy berries with a knife, grabbing as little pulp as possible. Put the resulting pieces on a sheet of paper, seeds on top and crush them slightly with your fingers. Leave everything to dry in a dry place out of the sun. In most cases, the process takes two days. In this matter, it is important not to overdo it. Knead dry strawberry slices with your fingers to remove the pulp. Collect the seeds and put them in bags.
- If you want to start growing strawberries from seeds at home, then to get planting material, put 5-7 large berries in a blender glass and pour 2/3 of water. Whisk everything for a few minutes, and then strain the cocktail through a sieve. Place the seeds on a thick cloth and leave to dry. In both cases, sorting is recommended.
Growing strawberry seedlings at home
The soil for strawberry seedlings should be loose and crumbly, but not oversaturated with fertilizers.
After you thoroughly mix the ingredients, the soil should be disinfected - for 30 minutes, calcined in the oven at a temperature of 150 ºC, freeze or spill with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. After disinfection, the soil is placed in a warm place for 2-3 weeks so that bacteria useful for seeds appear and multiply in it.
Growing seedlings from seeds
You can buy seed, or you can grow strawberries from your own seeds. The only exceptions are hybrid varieties - their seeds do not transmit varietal traits from generation to generation, so you will have to buy new seeds every time.
Growing strawberry seedlings begins with the disinfection of the seed. The seeds are placed for half an hour in a half-percent solution of potassium permanganate, then thoroughly rinsed in clean water and proceeded to stratification: they are laid out on a moistened linen napkin, covered with the same damp cloth, then a roll is rolled out of this "sandwich", placed in a plastic container, covered with a perforated lid and keep it warm for two days, after which they put the container for two weeks in the vegetable drawer of the refrigerator. Do not allow the wipes to dry out - ventilate the seeds and sprinkle them regularly with water, and dry a little before sowing.
The seeds will be ready for sowing when they are swollen, but try not to let them peck, because small sprouts break off easily when sowing, and you will wait in vain for sprouting.
Place the disinfected soil for seedlings in a container washed with a solution of potassium permanganate, compact and moisten it, spread the seeds over the surface in rows at 3-4 cm intervals using a damp toothpick and do not cover them - strawberry seeds germinate in the light. Cover the container with a transparent plastic lid with small holes for air exchange and place it in a bright and warm place where direct sunlight does not fall - window sills of western or eastern windows are most suitable for such purposes.
There is another method of sowing seeds, which allows you to combine direct sowing with the stratification of strawberry seeds. Disinfected seeds that have not undergone stratification are laid out in the way just described on the surface of dry soil, which does not reach the edge of the container by 2 cm, and a layer of snow is placed on top of the seeds to the edge of the container, after which the container is covered with a lid and placed in the refrigerator for two weeks. In the vegetable crate, the snow will gradually melt and pull the seeds into the soil, as it usually happens in the garden in spring. After two weeks, the container is moved to the windowsill under a bright but diffused light, but the lid is not removed until the first shoots appear.
How to grow seedlings in tablets
Seedlings of strawberries from seeds develop well in peat tablets. They are convenient in that you do not need to mess around with the preparation and disinfection of the soil, and you can skip the picking of seedlings.
Peat tablets are put into a container and poured with water so that they increase in size, after which the seeds that have undergone the disinfection and stratification procedure are laid out in tablets with a damp toothpick. To prevent moisture from evaporating quickly, the container is covered with a transparent lid, and then placed in a warm, bright place.
It will be necessary to ventilate the crops daily and remove condensate from the lid, so that mold does not appear on the substrate, but if you suddenly find it, remove the mold and pour the fungicide solution over the area. The cover is removed as soon as the first true leaves begin to develop on the seedlings.
Frigo strawberry seedlings
In recent years, a new practice has appeared to dig out developed one-year strawberry outlets of the first and second order for the winter, to store dormant bushes with an open root system in sealed packages at a certain temperature and humidity, and in the spring to plant these outlets on a garden bed. The advantage of frigo is that such strawberry seedlings quickly take root in the spring and grow, since during the winter, with proper storage, the normal biorhythms of plants are not disturbed.
Choosing at your discretion the timing of planting frigo, you can get the harvest by the planned date. In addition, Frigo strawberry seedlings take up little space during storage.
Experts from the UK and the Netherlands, who developed this method of growing strawberries, have already completely switched to frigo seedlings, which are divided into three classes:
- class A - seedlings with a rosette diameter of 12 to 15 cm, usually forming no more than two peduncles
- class A + - seedlings with a shortened shoot with a diameter of more than 15 cm, forming 2-3 peduncles
- class A + extra - the diameter of this seedling is more than 20 cm, it has lateral horns and at least 5 peduncles.
There are frigo seedlings and disadvantages - it is difficult to determine the time of digging out the sockets and to maintain the required storage temperature (from 0 to 1 ºC) and air humidity (90%) at home. The disadvantages include the high cost of frigo, although gardeners claim that the price of seedlings is fully paid off due to its productivity.
Growing seedlings in a greenhouse
Usually, seedlings of remontant strawberries are grown from seeds, as well as those varieties that do not form a whisker. You can get strawberry seedlings at home, and continue growing outdoors. Or you can plant mature seedlings in a greenhouse and grow strawberries in it all year round. We will tell you how to grow strawberries in a greenhouse in a separate article.
↑ When to sow viola seeds for seedlings
You can grow any kind of pansies according to the following schemes:
- Autumn sowing in open ground. The viola will bloom next year. This scheme is considered classic and this type of sowing is recommended on seed bags. Growing a tricolor violet looks like this: the seeds are sown in the ground in August-September. During the fall, flowers will sprout, will be able to grow stronger and form powerful roots. In a prepared state, young bushes go into winter and winter calmly. With the arrival of spring, somewhere in April, the viola begins to bloom, and it continues until the very frost.
- Sowing seeds early for flowering seedlings in the year of sowing. It is generally accepted that pansies bloom only in the second year after sowing. But this is not the case! Viola can bloom in the first year. For this, its seeds are sown very early: in the second decade of February or early March. It is recommended to use phytolamps. With additional illumination, viola seedlings from seeds will begin flowering 60-80 days after sowing, approximately in May-June. Viola will bloom all summer! When the right place for planting sprouts is chosen (without direct sun), then the green bushes will go away before winter in order to bloom again next spring. Growing these flowers from seeds, by sowing in early spring, is suitable for the subsequent transplanting of viola into open ground or into balcony containers.
- Spring-summer sowing in open for flowering in the sowing year. Viola is sown directly into the soil from the last decade of May. Blossoming of pansies is observed in August-September and in winter the plants leave with flowers. But with the arrival of spring, the viola will bloom again! Such are the unusual and really unpretentious plants.
In order for the plants to develop well and to be in the right phase of development for transplanting into open ground, you need to know when to sow viola for seedlings. The exact sowing time can be determined using the lunar cycles. Below is the Lunar calendar for 2021 with the sowing dates of perennial and two-year pansies for seedlings: