The device of a peat dry closet: we make a mini-factory for the production of compost
For modern summer residents, a dry closet becomes a good solution in all respects - you can buy it or make a dry closet with your own hands, in any case, both material costs and the amount of time spent on arranging a toilet of this type will be much less than the cost of installing a septic tank or a toilet that is boring to everyone. cesspool. You need to buy a chemical or electric dry closet ready-made, but such a convenient option as a compost (peat) dry closet can be made on your own.
A compost toilet is an environmentally friendly design, which is especially important for a summer cottage, and the waste after processing in it becomes a good natural fertilizer, so you will also save on the purchase of fertilizers. The device of this type of dry closet is the simplest, it is a plastic tank or box of various sizes with a seat and a hinged lid. Waste, covered with peat, gradually decomposes, turning into compost.
The peat toilet is dry, no water is used for flushing. You will only need dry peat, you can use it in a mixture with sawdust, and no chemicals. Moisture will evaporate from raw waste, providing a constant level of moisture for the decomposition of human waste products. This will be done by the bacteria in the peat. You can buy a mixture of peat and sawdust or make it yourself.
A peat toilet is usually large in volume. If the volume of the plastic container exceeds 100 liters, this makes it possible to maintain the optimum temperature. The container can only be cleaned once a year and you will receive excellent fertilization after emptying it.
You should not be afraid of strong unpleasant odors - the ventilation pipe, ensuring their absence, is an important (obligatory!) Part of the peat dry closet. Excess moisture is drained away with a drain hose. A significant plus - there will be no flies in such a toilet, neither peat nor compost are of interest to these insects.
Peat dry closet - view from the inside (tank with a lid and seat), and outside (the second half of the tank with a ventilation pipe). Everything is clean and environmentally friendly!
Do-it-yourself peat dry closet is not so difficult, because many people in a private house make comfortable toilets like in an apartment, and this is the principle that is used when creating a dry closet.
Construction # 1 - the simplest peat dry closet
You will need a trash bin, a round barrel (or bucket), and a seat with a lid. A waste compost pit should be located close to the toilet so that it is easy to carry a heavy container to it (you can use a container on wheels).
A bucket with a toilet seat does not look particularly aesthetically pleasing, so you can build a frame made of plywood or other material (OSB, chipboard), into which the bucket will be inserted, paint it and thereby give the structure a more presentable look. In the upper part - the lid of the frame, using a jigsaw, a hole is cut out to the size of the barrel or bucket that you plan to use. The cover is conveniently attached to the frame with hinges. The comfortable height of such a design for a dry closet is 40-50 cm.
An example of a frame for a toilet made of plywood - inside there are support posts made of timber, the lid will rise on hinges, a hole for a bucket and for a seat is sawn with a jigsaw
Dry closet with a large tank on wheels, with a drainage pipe to drain the liquid. A tank of this size will need to be emptied infrequently, you just need to think about how it is more convenient to get it out and deliver it to the compost pit
Peat and scoop are necessary ingredients, you need to keep them in a container near the toilet and use them each time to fill waste.
A compact, convenient dry closet - inside there is a small container for waste, next to it is a bucket of peat. Low-cost, hygienic design so you always have fertilizer for your garden
To keep the bucket clean, you also need to fill a layer of peat at the bottom. If, instead of a barrel or bucket, you use a garbage container and make a hole in it at the bottom with a pipe and a grate to drain the liquid into a drainage trench, you get a more functional design. To empty the container in a more hygienic way, you can use two insertable containers or two buckets of different sizes, inserted one inside the other.
Peat in combination with sawdust is used in large containers - from 50 liters and more. This mixture is used for better aeration.
If desired and if necessary, you can make a dry closet with a very large waste container, where you can also dispose of kitchen waste. Such a toilet should be equipped with a compost hatch, a ventilation pipe and an opening for air circulation in the compost pit. The container has a slope along which the waste rolls into the compost pit
Construction # 2 - we make a dry closet "on a bucket"
You will need a regular toilet seat and a bucket. Connect the bucket and the toilet seat, insert a garbage bag into the bucket, use tape to attach it to the toilet seat. You can use peat or cat litter to dump the waste. Garbage bags or bags must be sturdy. the filler, saturated with waste, weighs a lot.
A peat dry closet can be placed in a specially designated room in the house or in a shed in the yard. When deciding to arrange a toilet in a wooden shed, it will be convenient to get the container if you make a special door at the bottom of one of the side walls.
An example of a compost dry closet with a side door equipped with a grate. So it is more convenient to get the tank for cleaning from waste.
For convenience, the door can be equipped with a ventilation grill, in this case there is no need to make a ventilation pipe.
This is how the structure of a dry closet with a side door looks from the inside. The collection container can be easily removed without disassembling the structure of the dry closet from the inside
Many people claim that there are no unpleasant odors at all during the operation of a peat dry closet, but this is not entirely true. The smell, although not strong, especially in a small toilet, is still present, so it is better to clean the container more often of the contents and fold it until fertilizer is formed in the compost pit.
If there is no desire to look for ways of how you can make a dry closet with your own hands, you can buy a bucket toilet, a very convenient novelty that allows you to solve the problem. Although you still have to make a compost pit, this wonderful option is suitable for many purposes - both for fishing and for gardening.
Despite the fact that this new invention is very functional, it is most convenient to use it for its intended purpose. For a summer residence, such a bucket can become indispensable, and all the hassle of arranging a toilet will disappear.
It looks like a plastic bucket with a lid and a toilet seat. Fragile in appearance, but actually quite strong, capable of supporting a decent weight. These buckets have almost the same design, but they are available in a very wide range of colors. To use the bucket toilet, you can also use peat or sawdust - pour a little on the bottom and sprinkle the waste. As in a dry closet, we move the waste into a compost pit, after which we rinse the bucket. Perhaps this is the simplest design of a dry closet.
You can place such a mini-toilet anywhere, it is convenient to put it in the house at night, so as not to go outside, you can put it in the shed, buy or make a wooden or plastic booth and install a bucket toilet there, and eventually equip a full-fledged dry closet in this room.
The design is generally simple - a bucket with a seat and a lid, but the size, color, design, plastic can be different. So, among such a variety, it is easy to choose the right option for yourself.
A bucket toilet costs no more than three hundred rubles, but it can solve a very urgent problem for summer residents. For the first time, this option is quite suitable, and you will have time to choose such a toilet for your site that will best meet your requirements.
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The principles of arrangement, design features and liquid for a dry closet with your own hands
The dry closet is an autonomous, free-standing toilet, for the functioning of which there is no need to connect the sewer and other communications
It is impossible to imagine a dacha without a toilet. Even at first, it is difficult to equip some kind of temporary structure, more or less convenient for use. Therefore, this question is raised one of the very first. Naturally, progress does not stand still in this delicate matter - the owner of the dacha has at least three options for building a toilet in the dacha, almost everything can be done with your own hands.
How to choose dry closets for a summer residence: prices, reviews and classification
A dry closet is a sanitary product that appeared on the market not so long ago. Its main task is to collect and store human waste products, neutralize unpleasant odors and reduce waste.
Peat dry closet does not require connection to sewerage and water supply
Dry closets can be divided into two types:
- stationary - a special booth, inside which a regular dry closet is installed
- portable - essentially the same toilet. It is installed, as a rule, in a house or in a room specially equipped for this.
The design of the composting composting toilet resembles a familiar toilet with an installation
By the principle of functioning, dry closets are divided into three groups: chemical, peat and electrical. Each of these options has its own advantages and disadvantages, which, accordingly, affects the cost (from 6,000 to 40,000 rubles). In order to understand how to choose dry closets for a summer residence: prices, reviews, descriptions and characteristics of each type of construction are given in the article below.
One-stop solution for waste disposal in the absence of a central sewerage system
Do-it-yourself dry closet for a summer residence: how to build yourself from scrap materials
Dry closet - this is the name of a structure designed to meet the natural physiological needs of a person. The dry closet is somewhat different from the usual home bathroom. Structures of this kind are in demand for use in conditions of temporary residence of people. For example, on a personal plot.
Any home craftsman who knows how to hold simple carpentry tools in his hands will be able to arrange a comfortable dry closet for a summer residence with his own hands. Therefore, the technology of its manufacture is of interest to many fasend owners.
Before proceeding with the action, it is necessary to study the theoretical aspect of the construction technology, do you agree? All the necessary information is detailed in the article.
We described how the bio-closet works and works, what materials are needed for assembly, and also provided step-by-step instructions for making and arranging a country toilet.
The device and principle of operation of a typical dry closet
This type of toilets is characterized by a simple but interesting content recycling technology. The process of disposal of faecal waste is carried out exclusively in a natural way. At the same time, organic substances, such as sawdust or peat, are used to enhance the process of natural processing (utilization).
Often with these substances, artificially created microflora is additionally used. Bioenzymes are also actively used - substances obtained from the vital activity of certain types of bacteria.
This is how the simplest self-made dry closet design looks like. The installation is located directly on the territory of the personal plot, in the area of the least presence of people
It is advisable to choose a place where there is a minimum of drafts and protection from direct sunlight. Then the comfort for the user will be comparable to the comfort of a home toilet.
Before you get acquainted with the manufacturing technology and find out how best to make a dry closet with your own hands, it is recommended to fully understand the essence of the device.
And the essence of the dry closet is as follows:
- The user relieves the need.
- The product of its vital activity is covered with peat.
- Aerobic bacteria activate the composting process.
- The resulting compost matures for some time.
Finally matured (decomposed) compost is a component rich in organic matter that is easily absorbed by plants. The conclusion for the summer resident is obvious: this product is an effective fertilizer for all types of backyard vegetation.
Meanwhile, dry closets appear not only in summer cottages and on the farms of private country houses. There are examples of successful application of mobile structures of this kind, which are being introduced in long-distance transport.
Railroad trains and airplanes have long been equipped with dry closets. And the same kind of structures, slightly modernized, appeared on sea yachts.
A related design of the disposal unit for waste generated by natural human needs. It differs from the natural real dry closet by its use as an activator for the processing of chemicals.
For use in the country, such a device is suitable, but there will be no economic benefit from it
Considering self-made peat dry closets and alternative industrial options, we note an important nuance.
Along with such designs, there are other types of "dry closets" that work exclusively on the principle of chemical processing of the contents.
- Both designs of devices are similar in appearance, but the compost obtained by means of a chemical "outhouse", in principle, cannot be equated with natural fertilizers.
- A comparative overview of dry closets of different principles of operation is given in this article.
- The advantages of the peat-type country toilet include:
How to make a dry closet yourself?
The construction of this simple device, taking into account its temporary operation, can be conditionally divided into two possible construction options:
- Outdoor construction without a house.
- Street construction with a house.
There are a lot of recommendations on the network regarding the use of this peat disposal device directly inside a residential building. But this approach is unlikely to suit people who are too sensitive to odors.
True, if you take professionally made models of dry closets by masters, and not with your own hands, there is an opportunity to choose a successful home version. In summer, at the summer cottage, the optimal place for placing a natural peat utilizer is open air.
The option without a house provides for the manufacture of only a toilet seat paired with a box for storing peat fillers. This is the simplest design solution possible.
Such a system is successfully operated, for example, at a summer cottage, the territory of which is reliably closed from prying eyes. The dry closet box is installed somewhere in a secluded place among the vegetation and is used if necessary.
A good example of how you can make a dacha biotulet with your own hands, if you apply all your knowledge and skills to this matter. However, knowledge is easy to get in the information space, but experience is not so simple.
The assembly of a biologically clean toilet does not spoil any special difficulties. The process is quite capable of even those who have never held a carpentry tool in their hands.
Materials, tools, dimensions
To make a peat dry closet with your own hands, you will need the following materials:
- plywood sheets - thickness 10-12 mm
- edged board - width 85-110 mm, thickness 12-15 mm
- wooden block - section 40 * 40 mm
- medium-sized door hinges - 6-10 pcs.
- container made of anti-corrosion material - volume 10-12 liters.
The need for working tools:
- fine tooth hacksaw
- sharp carpentry knife
- bench hammer
- screwdrivers, tape measure, pencil
- electric jigsaw
- fasteners (nails, screws, screws).
The most difficult stage of independent work is cutting a round hole of a large diameter on a pre-prepared plywood sheet.
Using a hacksaw, the plywood sheet is cut in such a way as to obtain a panel with dimensions of 500 * 500 mm (specific dimensions directly depend on the dimensions of the future user). Then a hole with a diameter of 250-300 mm is cut on the resulting square panel with an electric jigsaw.
Approximately such a blank should be obtained by a summer resident who decided to make a compact peat dry closet with his own hands:
The design of the dry closet section, inside which (under the cover) a container for collecting waste is placed. This is the toilet seat that the user will be placed on.
Only a hole has not been cut on the lid yet.
After completing the cutting work, the plywood board is thoroughly cleaned with sandpaper. At the first stage of grinding, coarse sandpaper is used, then they continue to sand with a smaller one.
The task is to get a flat smooth surface of the plywood sheet.
Sanding is sufficient only on one side, which will act as the outer panel of the toilet seat. However, whenever possible, it is recommended to grind each part of the device.
Dry closet section with a cover and a hole cut in it. The surface of the lid is usually carefully sanded, sometimes covered with a layer of varnish. Inside the box, just under the hole, place a container for collecting waste
The completely finished product is equipped with an additional cover that closes the hole.
Next, you need to prepare a second plywood panel of the same size, but solid (without a hole). She will play the role of a blank cover. Next, you need to cut to the size of the board for the assembly of the main box of the dry closet. The size of the length of the box should be taken equal to approximately two sizes of the length of the toilet seat (500 * 2 = 1000 mm).
The height size is chosen based on the comfortable position of the user while sitting on the toilet seat. For people with different dimensions, this parameter may differ, but on average it is 350-400 mm. The estimated number of boards is also cut along the small side (width) of the rectangle.
Heat exchanger body assembly
The further continuation of work on the creation of a peat dry closet with your own hands is the assembly of a wooden rectangular body from prepared scraps of board. The overall dimensions of such a box are, respectively, 1000 * 500 * 350 mm (length, width, height).
The boards are fastened to the bars, installing the latter on the inner corners of the structure. For fasteners, nails, screws or self-tapping screws are used.
The wooden case made in this way is divided inside by a partition. The result is two working sections.
One section is covered with a previously prepared plywood sheet with a hole followed by a solid plywood cover. Another section (for storing peat) is covered with a lid knocked out of boards.
All covers are installed on door hinges, thus ensuring their easy opening / closing. It turns out something similar to such a product of our own production.
Approximately such an assembly should be obtained by summer residents who dare to assemble a dry closet according to the instructions described above.
The body, consisting of two separate compartments: one compartment is intended directly for the toilet mechanism, the second acts as a storage for peat (or sawdust)
At the final stage, the entire wooden structure is treated with an antiseptic. This action will prevent the appearance of fungal formations on the surface of the wood.
Also, antiseptic treatment will protect the structure from various insects. It remains only to place a container inside one section for collecting waste from the owners of the dacha, and fill the other section with peat. Homemade comfortable dry closet is ready for use.
Toiletries and accessories
For the convenience of sampling peat from an adjacent section, it is recommended to make a small spatula. A homemade spatula is made of wood, but if you neglect the small costs, it is easier to buy a ready-made tool in the store. Plastic spatulas that are sold by retail chains are lightweight, comfortable, but short-lived.
Instead of the traditional flushing with water, the technology of using a dry closet offers the layman an easier way - dry powder.
The button of the tank here is successfully replaced by an ordinary scoop, and the role of water is played by peat - practical and economical
An ordinary bucket can serve as a container for collecting waste. But it is advisable to choose a more convenient and capacious container for these purposes.
It is practical to use two containers of the same type, one of which should be kept nearby in case of a quick change.
Also from the accessories it is recommended to have on hand toilet cleaners, antibacterial agents.
Additional equipment on the site
Waste that accumulates over time inside the collection container of the toilet must be disposed of and the dry closet cleaned. For this, a compost pit is made near the installation site of the structure.
The volume of the pit is usually equal to ten times the volume of the collection tank, which is used in a peat dry closet. This ratio ensures unhurried collection of compost, its optimal ripening. This volume is enough to provide fertilizers for a summer cottage with an area of 2-4 acres.
Open dry closets are rarely used in practice. As a rule, the owners of farms who decide to make a dry closet prefer to additionally build closed cabins. Inside the closed cabins, the natural disposal unit is located.
It is not difficult to make a closed booth for a peat dry closet with your own hands. The assembly technology is standard, plus the material - edged boards, bars, fasteners. If desired, such a house can be supplemented with interior lighting, a ventilation system and other attributes.
The project of a booth for a dry closet in the country or in a private household. It is built quickly and requires a relatively small amount of lumber.
If desired, you can hang a door, introduce a ventilation system, bring an electric line under the installation of lighting devices (+)
Using additional equipment options, a self-assembled peat recycling system is easy to modernize.
Often, modernization comes down to replacing a homemade toilet seat panel with a factory kit - a toilet lid.
They also try to automate the manual filling of peat using various metering schemes. True, difficulties are already appearing here for people who have little understanding of technical mechanisms and do not have relevant experience. But if you want, you can do everything.
Gradually self-assembled natural waste disposal unit can be modified to full condition. For example, replace a plywood toilet seat with a more advanced plastic seat with a cover
The wooden panels can be “covered” in the color of mahogany, and the installation itself can be sheathed with walls and a roof can be built over it. It will no longer be a temporary latrine, but a constant use dry closet.
If there is no time and desire to build a bio-closet on your own, then you can choose a ready-made option.
Tips for choosing the best model for a summer cottage or a private house, as well as a rating of dry closets, are given in the articles:
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
An interesting and useful video for those who want to replace the usual “corner of thought” with a dry closet:
There are many options for building biologically clean toilets. There are industrial designs made for modern toilet bowls. However, for the most part, the essence of creating and operating a dry closet lies not at all in the comfort for the user.
This natural recycling tool is more designed specifically for use in conditions where there is no comfort, but where there is a need to generate high-quality fertilizers.
Do you have something to add, or have questions about arranging a dry closet in the country? You can leave comments on the publication, participate in discussions, share construction skills and attach photos of your homemade products. The communication block is located below.